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Karin Bean Notes Chapter 1 The word Psychology Comes form the roots psyche means mind and logos means study of or knowledge Psychology Is the science of behavior and mental processes Psychologists gather scientific data in order to describe understand predict and control behavior Is a science and a profession Uses the scientific method to study behavior Psychologists are professionals who create and apply psychological knowledge can be scientist teachers or apply it in education business sports law and medicine The Scientific Method is a powerful way to observe the natural world and draw valid conclusions Psychological Research Begins with observations questions and hypotheses Next researchers gather evidence test hypotheses and publish results scientific debate and theories suggest new hypotheses which lead to further research Experiments Are the best way to identify cause-and-effect relationships in psychology Critical Thinking is central to the scientific method to psychology and to effective behavior in general Television Magazines And Other Popular Media Are rife with inaccurate information It is essential to critically evaluate information from popular sources or from any source for that matter Psychological Researchers Make every effort to maintain high ethical standards in their work Behavior Is anything you do eating sleeping talking or sneezing Dreaming gambling watching TV sportsreading Overt Behaviors Are observable actions and responses Covert behaviors Are private internal activities responses such as thinking remembering and other mental events hidden from view EMPIRICISM-Empirical evidence Facts or Information gained from direct observation or experience True scientific observation Is structured to answer questions about the world Research methodA systematic approach to answering scientific questions Critical Thinking An ability to evaluate compare analyze critique e and synthesize information Critical thinkers analyze the evidence supporting their beliefs they question assumptions and they look for alternative conclusions Principles for Critical Thinking 1Few truth transcends the
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