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Oliver Cromwell was one of the most important figures in British history a great general and lord protector of the commonwealth or republic of England Scotland and Ireland for five years He was born at Huntingdon on April 25 1599 to a local family that customarily furnished members of Parliament He was elected the member for Huntingdon in 1628 Cromwell made his first mark by attacking the bishops of the Church of England For the next 12 years Cromwell was prominent in local affairs in eastern England and was also chosen to represent Cambridge in the Long Parliament He then again attacked the bishops urging their total abolition and advocating purification of the church by abandoning the book of common prayer and set up more sermonsAs war between King Charles I and Parliament approached Cromwell prevented the dispatch of silver from Cambridge University to swell the Kings funds he also raised a troop and later a cavalry regiment at Hutingdon which was called the Ironsides In the English Civil War after winning most of East Anglia for Parliament Cromwell was appointed lieutenant general Cromwell helped defeat the royalists in the Battle of Marston Moor 1644 In 1645 he took part in the decisive victory at Naseby as second in command to Sir Thomas Fairfax They took oxford in 1646 which ended the first civil war When the Presbyterian Parliament quarreled with its army Cromwell himself an independent sided with the sectarian soldiers After defeating the Scots who allied with the king at Preston in 1648 Cromwell decided that Charles was responsible for renewing the civil war and he pressed for his trail and execution Cromwell stated at the execution of Charles that it was a Cruel NecessityDuring 1649-51 Cromwell fought successfully in Ireland and Scotland replacing Fairfax as commander in chief in 1650 When he perceived that the Rump Parliament was not pressing on with the reform of the church and state and was against
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