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Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Harold Maslow was born April 1 1908 in Brooklyn New York He was the first of seven children and his parents were Jewish immigrants from Russia As a child Maslow was very lonely and found refuge in reading books His parents pushed him to succeed in life so he first attended the City College of New York where he studied law He transferred to Cornell University but soon returned to the City College of New York Bertha Goodman Maslows first cousin became his wife against his parents wishes and they later had two daughters He and Bertha moved to Wisconsin so that he could attend the University of Wisconsin It was there that he became interested in psychology He received his Bachelors in 1930 Masters in 1931 and his Doctors degree in 1934 in psychology all from the University of Wisconsin A year after graduation Maslow returned to New York to begin his career He later taught at Brooklyn College and in 1951 he became the chairman of the psychology department at Brandesis for ten years It was at Brandesis where he became interested in self-actualization after being introduced to the idea by Kurt Goldstein Maslow worked with monkeys throughout his early career and it was then that he found out some needs take more precedence than others The monkeys being both hungry and thirsty seemed to satisfy their need for thirst over their need for hunger This caught Maslows attention and led him to forming his famous hierarchy of needs Maslow felt that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs and that certain lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied According to Maslow there are general types of needs that must be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly These general needs are the physiological safety belongingness and esteem needs He called these general needs deficit needs meaning if you dont have enough of something
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