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Al-Ghazali Biography Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafii al-Ghazali was born in 1058 AD in what is now Khorasan Iran then called Tus He was formally schooled in his early adulthood studying under al-Juwayni a prominent theologian located in Nishapur During this period the young al-Ghazali produced various texts on Islamic law and theology which are still used to this day Al-Ghazali then moved on to writing religious treatises that were used in the political struggles of his time At the age of 34 however he accepted a position as rector and professor of the Nizamiya madrasa located in Baghdad It was during this period that he produced two of his most important texts The Intentions of the Philosophers and its companion piece The Incoherence of the Philosophers At this point al-Ghazali left his position ostensibly for the purposes of making various pilgrimages and spent the next ten years in or between the cities of Damascus Mecca Medina and Tus his birthplace During this period he wrote the seminal Revivification of the Religious Sciences a massive work containing 40 books in which he outlined the meanings behind the practices of Islam At this point al-Ghazali returned to teaching Synthesizing jurisprudence philosophy theology and Sufism in an attempt to teach the totality of proper Muslim belief and practice he was known for tailoring his lessons to his students offering spiritual guidance to logicians and teaching rhetoric to mystics Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafii al-Ghazali died in 1111 AD An extremely influential figure with respect to both philosophy and religion al-Ghazali was known in his own time as the Proof of Islam as well as the Renewal of the Religion Buchman xix He was also known to be a challenger to philosophys dominance of religion questioning the formers failure to explain many matters of faith such as the state of the soul and the nature of infinity
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