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Word Count: 375
Biography of Albert Camus Albert Camus 1913-1960 was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work Of semi-proletarian parents early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies with a deep interest in philosophy only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field he came to France at the age of twenty-five The man and the times met Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and besides writing his fiction and essays was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright eg Caligula 1944 He also adapted plays by Calderon Lope de Vega Dino Buzzati and Faulkners Requiem for a Nun His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in LEquipe an Algerian theatre group whose collective creation Rvolte dans les Asturies 1934 was banned for political reasons The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe The Myth of Sisyphus 1942 expounds Camuss notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with the total absence of hope which has nothing to do with despair a continual refusal which must not be confused with renouncement - and a conscious dissatisfaction Meursault central character of Ltranger The Stranger 1942 illustrates much of this essay man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit later - when the young killer faces execution - tempted by despair hope and salvation Dr Rieux of La Peste The Plague 1947 who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice and confirms Camuss words We refuse to despair of mankind Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men we
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