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Spain The raise from repression In 1931 Alfonso XIII the last monarch of spain went into exile he was the last of the Bourbons A provisional republican government under President Niceto Alcal Zamora took control A new liberal constitution separating church and state was adopted This is the beginning to spains rise from repression At the start of the republic nearly half the people of spain were illiterate Poverty was everywhere and industrial wages were low In Madrid many workers had become socialists where as In Barcelona many had turned to political anarchism a system that aims at putting workers organizations in control of all industries In 1936 many leftist parties formed a Popular Front overwhelmed the conservatives and moderate liberals in a national election Civil war soon followed The rebels who referred to themselves Nationalists were led by General Franco and had the support of the conservatives as well as that of the nazi Germany and fascist Italy The defenders of the republic were known as the Loyalists and had the support of the Soviet Union who gave limited aid The war ended on March 28 1939 with the surrender of Madrid the last Loyalist stronghold In the end about 600000 lives were lost 700000 wounded and some 40 billion dollars spent from the Civil War came the dictatorship of General Franco Franco restored the privileges of the church and placed the economy of the country under the control of the syndicates He banned all political parties except the Falange Although the Cortes was reestablished in 1942 Franco continued to dominate the government During World War II Spain remained neutral however it gave undercover aid to Germany and Italy On the guise of keeping the international zone of Tangier neutral Spain occupied the region The demands of the Allied powers forced it to withdraw in 1945 These unfriendly acts combined with Francos brutal rule kept Spain out of
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