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Augustus DeMorgan was an English mathematician logician and bibliographer He was born in June 1806 at Madura Madras presidency India and educated at Trinity College Cambridge in 1823 Augustus DeMorgan had passed away on March 18 1871 in London Augustus was recognized as far superior in mathematical ability to any other person there but his refusal to commit to studying resulted in his finishing only in fourth place in his class In 1828 he became professor of mathematics at the newly established University College in London He taught there until 1806 except for a break of five years from 1831 to 1836 DeMorgan was the first president of London Mathematical Society which was founded in 1866 DeMorgans aim as a mathematician was to place the subject on a more rigorous foundation As a teacher he was unrivaled and no topic was too insignificant to receive his careful attention In 1838 he introduced the term mathematical induction to differentiate between the hypothetical induction of empirical science and the rigorous method Often used in mathematical proof for advancing from n to nI DeMorgan made his greatest contributions to knowledge The renaissance of logical studies which began in the first half of the 19th century was due almost entirely to the writings of the two British mathematicians DeMorgan and G Boole He always laid much stress upon the importance of logical training His importance in the history of logics however primarily due to his realization that the subject as it had come down from Aristole was unnecessarily restricted scope By reflecting on the processes of mathematics he was led like Boole to the conviction that a far larger number of valid inference were possible that had hitherto been recognized His most notable achievements were to lay the foundation for the theory of relations to prepare the way to rise of modern symbolic or mathematical logic His name is commemorated in DeMorgans Law which is usually presented in the
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