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Daniel Defoe Even though Daniel Defoe a restoration author is usually remembered for Robinson Crusoe he wrote over five hundred different works throughout his life Defoe an English novelist journalist and pamphleteer is considered to be the founder of the English novel According to Liukkonen he produced some 200 works of nonfiction prose in addition to close to 2000 short essays in periodical publications several of which he also edited Kirjasto Daniel Defoe was born the son of James a butcher and Alice Foe His family were Dissenters Protestants who didnt approve of the Church of England Defoe study at Mortons Academy because he was barred from study at Oxford or Cambridge His father intended for him to go into the ministry but Defoe decided against it and went into trade and politics He was typical of the new kind of man reaching prominence in England in the 18th cent self-reliant industrious possessing a strong notion of personal and moral responsibility Columbia By 1682 Defoe was well established in the trade industry but was bankrupt by 1892 owing more than 17000 pounds He married Mary Tuffley an heiress whose dowry was more than 3700 pounds in 1684 and had seven children two sons and five daughters Later that year Defoe joined the army of the Monmouth Rebellion which was trying to take the throne from James the 2nd When the rebellion failed Daniel was forced into exile During his exile he traveled through France Holland Italy and Spain as a merchant dealing in wine tobacco and general goods He also wrote many anti-James the 2nd pamphlets during this time Defoes first important publication was An Essay upon Projects 1698 but he didnt receive any fame until he wrote the poem The True-born Englishman 1701 His next important publication didnt come until 1702 when he wrote an ironic defense of High Church animosity against
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