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Edgar Allan Poe was a famous American poet short story writer journalist and literary critic who lived from 1809-1849 He was born in Boston on January 19th 1809 and was orphaned at an early age after which he was sent to live with a foster family The Allans in Richmond He was never officially adopted by the Allans and he was eventually disowned by the family Poe won a short story contest in 1833 and two years later became a literary critic for the magazine The Southern Literary Messenger Shortly after he then married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia in 1836 He became nationally famous upon the publication of his poem The Raven in 1845 His life was marred by infrequent but intense drinking bouts which gave him a bad reputation However he continued to produce excellent short stories Murders in the Rue Morgue The Gold Bug which brought him acclaim in America England and especially in France Many of Poes stories take place in Paris The French poet Baudelaire translated many of Poes works Unfortunately after the death of Poes wife 1847 he fell apart and died two years later on October 7 1849 Poes controversial life and reputation have earned him the following comments no less With the aid of his psychological stories critics have proclaimed him necrophilic dipsomanic paranoid impotent neurotic oversexed a habitual taker of drugs until all that is left in the public eye is an unstable creature sitting gloomily in a dim room the raven over the door the bottle on the table the opium in the pipe scribbling mad versesWhether true or not here are some Poe controversies Some modern critics of Poe claim he had an intolerance to alcohol which agitated his poor health Some also blame Griswold a character who attempted to defame Poe by spreading stories giving Poe a bad reputation Whether Poe was an alcoholic or opium taker is irrelevant Poes times were a different
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