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Elijah Muhammad was born on or about Oct 7 1897 in Sandersville Georgia The exact date of his birth remains unknown because record keeping in rural Georgia for the descendants of slaves was not kept current according to historians and family members He was born Elijah Poole the son of a minister and whose parents William later named Wali and Marie Poole had 12 other children He had to quit school after barely finishing the third grade to work in the fields as a sharecropper so his family could eat Just before the roaring twenties came in Elijah Poole married the former Clara Evans also of Georgia They had eight children Emmanuel Ethel Lottie Nathaniel Herbert Elijah Jr Wallace and Akbar In April 1923 Elijah Poole moved his young family from Macon Georgia where he worked for the Southern Railroad Company and the Cherokee Brick Company to Detroit Mich Black families like the Pooles were leaving the south at that time in search of better economic and social circumstances Detroit was a bustling upwardly mobile city with its burgeoning auto industry On July 4 1930 W Fard Muhammad appeared in this city He announced and preached that God is One and it is now time for Blacks to return to the religion of their ancestors Islam News spread all over the city of Detroit of the preachings of Fard Muhammed Elijah Pooles wife first learned of the Temple of Islam and wanted to attend to see what the commotion was all about but instead her husband advised her that he would go and see for himself In 1931 after hearing his first lecture at the Temple of Islam Elijah Poole was overwhelmed by the message and immediately accepted it Soon thereafter Elijah Poole invited and convinced his entire family to accept the religion of Islam The Founder of the Nation of Islam gave him the name Karriem and made him a minister Later he
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