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Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim was born in the eastern French province of Lorraine on April 15 1858 He was the s on of a rabbi and descending from a long line of rabbis he decided early that he would follow the family tradition and become a rabbi himself He studied Hebrew the Old Testament and the Talmud while following the regular course of in secular schools He soon turned away from all religious involvement though purposely not from interest in religious phenomena and became a freethinker or non-believer At about the time of his graduation he decided that he would dedicate himself to the scientific study of society Since sociology was not a subject either at the secondary schools or at the university Durkheim launched a career as a teacher in philosophy Emile Durkheim made many contributions to the study of society suicide the division of labor solidarity and religion Raised in a time of troubles in France Durkheim spent much of his talent justifying order and commitment to order Durkheim was a pioneer French sociologist taught at Bordeaux 1887-1902 and the University of Paris 1902-17 He introduced the system and hypothetical framework of accurate social science Durkheim was author of The Division of Labour 1893 Rules of Sociological Method 1895 Suicide 1897 Elementary Forms of Religious Life 1915 Emile Durkheim has often been characterized as the founder of professional sociology He has a great closeness with the two introductory sociologists Comte and Saint-Simon Durkheim willingly noticed the ideas of the Division of Labor and the Biological Analogy Both ideas which had been differently well developed by Comte and Saint-Simon Durkheims holism approach said that sociology should focus on and study large social operations and cultures He used functionalism an approach of studying social and cultural phenomena as a set of interdependent parts to find out the roles these institutions and processes
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