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Word Count: 327
Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21 1899 in Oak Park Illinois and was educated there in the public schools Rather than attend college however Hemingway decided to work for the Kansas City Star newspaper In World War I Hemingway served as a Red Cross ambulance driver until he was severely wounded in action After recuperating in Italy he settled in Paris where he began his serious writing career while spending time with other American expatriates including Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein In 1926 Hemingway published his first major novel The Sun Also Rises a depiction of what Stein referred to as the lost generation of young people in the 1920s This novel not only established Hemingway as the preeminent writer of his generation but revealed two key principles that would inform the writing of most of his career First he demonstrated his determination to strip language to its most essential components by omitting any word not absolutely necessary Second he stressed the importance of authentic experience in his work confessing I found the greatest difficulty aside from knowing what you really felt rather than what you were supposed to feel and had been taught to feel was to put down what really happened in action what the actual things were which produced the emotion that you experienced During the following decade Hemingway traveled to Spain Africa and Florida gaining material for his future works through his experiences as bullfight aficionado big game hunter and deep sea fisherman He served as a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War -- which eventually became the background for his 1939 novel For Whom the Bell Tolls -- and World War II Hemingways short novel The Old Man and the Sea won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and contributed to his winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 By the 1960s however Hemingway was in poor health depressed and losing his memory and he committed suicide in
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