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# A Biography of Euclid, an Ancient Greek Mathematician

Euclid of Alexandria is thought to have lived from about 325 BC until 265 BC in Alexandria Egypt There is very little known about his life It was thought he was born in Megara which was proven to be incorrect There is in fact a Euclid of Megara but he was a philosopher who lived 100 years before Euclid of Alexandria Also people say that Euclid of Alexandria is the son of Naucrates but there is no proof of this assumption Euclid was a very common name at that time so it was hard to distinguish one Euclid from another That is the big reason why there is little known about Euclid of AlexandriaEuclid of Alexandria whose chief work Elements is a comprehensive treatise on mathematics in thirteen volumes on such subjects as plane geometry proportion in general the properties of numbers incommensurable magnitudes and solid geometry He was probably educated at Athens by pupils of Plato He taught geometry in Alexandria and founded a school of mathematics there The Data a collection of geometrical theorems the Phenomena a description of the heavens the Optics the Division of the Scale a mathematical discussion of music and several other books have been attributed to him Historians disagree as to the originality of some of his other contributions Probably the geometrical sections of the Elements were primarily a rearrangement of the works of previous mathematicians such as those of Eudoxus but Euclid himself is thought to have made several original discoveries in the theory of numbersEuclid laid down some of the conventions central to modern mathematical proofs His book The Elements written about 300 BC contains many proofs in the field of geometry and algebra This book illustrates the Greek practice of writing mathematical proofs by first clearly identifying the initial assumptions and then reasoning from them in a logical way in order to obtain a desired conclusion As part of such an argument Euclid used results

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