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Biography He was born in Geneva and gained his PhD from the University of Leipzig in 1880 Saussure published specialized monographs in linguistics during his lifetime such as his Memoir on the Primitive System of Vowels in the Indo-European Language He gave birth to structuralism based on lecture notes by his student published in 1916 as The Course in General Linguistics Known as the father of modern linguistics Place of Language in the Facts of Speech -The relation between words and things can not be based on natural resemblances 957 -Le langagelanguage generally human faculty -La languelanguage the name for specific languages -La parolespeech the executive side of language Place of Language in Human Facts -SemiologyThe scientific study of properties of signaling systems whether natural or artificial958 Nature of the Linguistic Sign - Some people regard language as a naming process only a list of words each corresponding to the thing that it names 963 -The study of language as eventually forming part of a large science of signs in culture which he called semiology 958 -the atom of language is the sign which is functionally spit into two parts a- A signifier sound-image b- A signified concept or dea -The tow elements are intimately united and each recalls the other 964 Characteristics of the linguistic sign 1- Arbitrary the sign is conventional that has to be learned and is not subject to individual will 965 2- Linear signifiers are presented in succession they form a chin according to two relations a- Syntagmatic successive b- Paradigmatic associative He was born in Geneva and gained his PhD from the University of Leipzig in 1880 Saussure published specialized monographs in linguistics during his lifetime such as his Memoir on the Primitive System of Vowels in the Indo-European Language He gave birth to structuralism based on lecture notes
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