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His name Francisco Goya born in 1746 one of Spains most innovative painters and etchers also one of the triumvirateincluding El Greco and Diego Velzquezof great Spanish masters Much in the art of Goya is derived from that of Velzquez just as much in the art of the 19th-century French master douard Manet and the 20th-century genius Pablo Picasso is taken from Goya Trained in a mediocre rococo artistic milieu Goya transformed this often frivolous style and created works such as the famous The third of May 1808 that have as great an impact today as when they were created Goya was born in the small Aragonese town of Fuendetodos near Zaragoza on March 30 1746 His father was a painter and a gilder of altarpieces and his mother was descended from a family of minor Aragonese nobility Facts of Goyas childhood are scarce He attended school in Zaragoza at the Escuelas Pias Goyas formal artistic education commenced when at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a local master Jos Luzan a competent although little-known painter in whose studio Goya spent four years In 1763 the young artist went to Madrid where he hoped to win a prize at the Academy of San Fernando Although he did not win the desired award he did make the acquaintance of Francisco Bayeu an artist also from Aragn who was working at the court in the academic manner imported to Spain by the German painter Anton Raphael Mengs Bayeu the brother of Goyas wife was influential in forming Goyas early style and was responsible for his participation in an important commission the fresco decoration of the Church of the Virgin in El Pilar in Zaragoza In 1771 Goya went to Italy for approximately one year His activity there is relatively obscure he spent some months in Rome and also entered a composition at the Parma Academy competition in which he was successful Returning
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