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Toussaint LOverture Francois Dominique Toussaint LOverture was a former educated slave He joined the slave revolt when he was forty-five years old Toussaint L Overture was the father of the Haitian Revolution He overthrew the French colonial power in Saint Domingue Conflicts Roots p 42 he presented Haiti with its first Constitution and he had a great influence on Haitis independence Toussaint was a strong revolutionary He defeated the army of the greatest conqueror of the 19th century Napoleon Bonaparte His acquaintance of European military strategy and his understanding of battle drills helped put the rebel noir army in equal footing with European troops Conflicts Roots p 42 This helped him succeed in overthrowing the French colonial power from the island Therefore making him a strong revolutionary and the most remembered rebel in the Great Haitian Revolt Because of his revolutionary visions Mr Fergus Humanities teacher Haiti would go on to become the first independent black state in the western hemisphere While Saint Domingue was not formally an independent nation Toussaint began creating a new system of government Conflicts Roots p43-44 With this he presented Haiti with its first Constitution He declared himself governor-general for life and he also had the authority to choose his successor Conflicts Roots p 44 Since all power was centralized Toussaint had the capacity to compose and implement all laws select all governor officials command the armies and the islands finances He set up the fledging nation as a military dictatorship Conflicts Roots p 44 Not only did his government provide administrative organization in Haiti but also this made the Haitian people one-step closer to getting their independence Toussaint struggled to free his people of the French rule for twelve years He defeated the local whites French soldiers a Spanish invasion a British force of 60000 men and a identical size sent again by the French The Great Haitian revolt was the only successful slave revolt in history
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