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A pyschiatrist humanist and revolutionary Frantz Fanon 1925-1961 was born in Martinique into a lower middle class mixed race family and receiving a conventional colonial education sees the technologies of control as being the white colonists of the third world Fanon at first an assimilationist thinking colonists and colonized should try to build a future together quickly Fanons assimilationist illusions were destroyed by the gaze of metropolitan racism both in France and in the colonized world He responded to the shattering of his neo-colonial identity his white mask with his first book Black Skin White Mask written in 1952 at the age of twenty-seven and originally titled An Essay for the Disalienation of Blacks Fanon defined the colonial relationship as one of the non recognition of the colonizeds humanity his subjecthood by the colonizer in order to justify his exploitation Fanons next novel The Wretched Of The Earth views the colonized world from the perspective of the colonized Like Foucaults questioning of a disciplinary society Fanon questions the basic assumptions of colonialism He questions whether violence is a tactic that should be employed to eliminate colonialism He questions whether native intellectuals who have adopted western methods of thought and urge slow decolonization are in fact part of the same technology of control that the white world employs to exploit the colonized He questions whether the colonized world should copy the west or develop a whole new set of values and ideas In all these questionings of basic assumptions of colonialism Fanon exposes the methods of control the white world uses to hold down the colonies Fanon calls for a radical break with colonial culture rejecting a hypocritical European humanism for a pure revolutionary consciousness He exalts violence as a necessary pre-condition for this rupture Fanon supported the most extreme wing of the FLN even opposing a negotiated transition to power His book though sees the relationship and methods of control in a simplistic light
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