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Guglielmo Marconi was born near Bologna Italy on April 25 1874 son of Giuseppe Marconi and Annie Jameson He was educated both publicly and privately Even as a little boy he took an interest in physical and electrical science and studied the works of Maxwell Hertz Righi Lodge and others In 1895 he began lab experiments at his fathers country estate in Pontecchio where he succeeded in sending wireless signals over a distance of one and a half miles thus becoming the inventor of the first practical system of wireless telegraphy In 1896 Marconi took his apparatus to England where he was introduced to Mr later Sir William Preece Engineer-in-Chief of the Post Office and later that year was granted the worlds first patent for a system of wireless telegraphy He demonstrated his system successfully in London on Salisbury Plain and across the Bristol Channel and in July 1897 formed The Wireless Telegraph Signal Company Limited That same year he gave a demonstration to the Italian Government in Spezia where wireless signals were sent over a distance of twelve miles In 1899 he established wireless communication between France and England across the English Channel He erected permanent wireless stations at The Needles Isle of Wight at Bournemouth and later at the Haven Hotel Poole Dorset In 1900 he took out his famous patent No 7777 for tuned or syntonic telegraphy and on an historic day in December 1901 determined to prove that wireless waves were not affected by the curvature of the Earth he used his system for transmitting the first wireless signals across the Atlantic between Poldhu Cornwall and St Johns Newfoundland a distance of 2100 miles Between 1902 and 1912 he patented several new inventions In 1902 during a trip in the American Ship Philadelphia he first demonstrated daylight effect relative to wireless communication and in the same year patented his magnetic detector which then became the standard wireless receiver for many
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