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handout Guillaume de Machaut Noelle Chamorro September 19 2000 Guillaume de Machaut 1300-1377 Born to commoners Machaut came from humble origins in the Champagne -Ardenne region of Northern France He was educated in theology and letters with a master of arts degree He became almoner secretary to Jean of Luxembourg King of Bohemia in 1323 Machaut married Jean of Luxembourgs daughter Bonne His duties as almoner included accompanying the king on his crusades This experience gave Machaut valuable traveling opportunities Machaut was famous for his musical compositions and his poetry Poetry and Courtly Love Machaut was recognized for his poems on courtly love He analyzed the social morals philosophy and psychology of the concept of finamors otherwise known as love for loves sake One of his early works was Le Jugement dou Roy de Behaingne The Judgment of the King of Bohemia This poem established him as an important and influential poet It became known as one of the Judgment poems one of three of Machauts poems that have symmetrical styles and plots Machauts influence on Geoeffry Chaucer Chaucer was greatly inspired by Machauts works Chaucers The Book of the Duchess has many similarities to Machauts works especially The Judgment of the King of Bohemia Despite differences in the introductions Chaucers The Book of the Duchess is similar to Machauts work in mode form and detail The similarities are evident because of the authors common interest in courtly love and their portrayals of this concept in their poetry According to James I Wimsatt in his book Chaucer and His French Contemporaries Machaut was a great artist without conceit he himself knew it his French colleagues and patrons knew it and Chaucer knew it The preservation of his verse and music in magnificent manuscripts the dissemination of his work throughout Europe and his decisive influence on subsequent generations
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