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Whos Who Henri IV Henri IV Henri de Navarre Henri de Bourbon 1553-1610 first Bourbon king of France was the son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne dAlbret On her death he succeeded to the kingdom of Navarre 1572 He took leadership of the Huguenot Protestant party in 1569 His marriage in 1572 with Marguerite de Valois was the occasion for the massacre of St Bartholomews Day Henri saved his life by abjuring Protestantism but in 1576 he escaped from his virtual imprisonment at court and returned to Protestantism When in 1584 Henri III named him heir presumptive the Catholic League headed by Henri 3rd Duc de Guise refused to recognize him and persuaded Henri III to send an army to force his conversion In the resulting War of the Three Henries Henry de Navarre defeated Henri III at Coutras 1587 but came to the kings support in the troubles of 1588 and after Henri IIIs death 1589 defeated the League forces at Arques 1589 and Ivrey 1590 he was unable to enter Paris until 1594 after he had abjured Protestantism -- allegedly with the remark Paris is well worth a Mass His war with Spain the ally of the League ended in 1598 with the Treaty of Vervins In 1598 he also established religious toleration through the Edict of Nantes With his minister Sully he spent the rest of his reign restoring order industry and trade His slogan A chicken in every peasants pot every Sunday has remained famous In 1600 he married Marie de Medici having had his earlier marriage annulled His gallantry and wit his concern for the common people and his exploits with the ladies have become legendary --Columbia-Viking desk encyclopedia 1953 Henri III Henri III 1551-89 was elected king of Poland in 1573 but returned to France in 1574 to succeed his brother Charles IX His reign was almost continually disturbed by the Wars of
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