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1 Heraclius ID Heraclius was born in Cappadocia in Anatotlia somewhere around 575 In 610 his father the governor of Carthage Africa sent him to Constantinople to overthrow the tyrant Phocas This venture was successful and Heraclius was proclaimed emperor on October 5 610 Sig Heraclius had to begin his reign by recovering much of his empire from the Persians He also had to reorganize the government and the army Heraclius brought efficiency into the government and restored financial stability to the empire In 621 Heraclius began a seven-year series of campaigns against the Persians This began because Heraclius wanted to recover lost territory in Asia Minor A peace treaty which limited Persia to its old frontiers was also signed during this time themes ID Military units and provinces give to soldiers in exchange for military service Sig Given to Strategoi 1Strategoi ID Generals who were put in charge of the civil administration of the themes SIG They became the elite and expanded the army 2Leo III ID Emperor from 717-741 He launched an attach against the Eastern churchs use of icons SIG He was only after successfully repulsing the Muslim armies in their second major attack on Constantinople 717-718 that Leo openly declared his opposition to icons for the first time An angry mob murdered the official who was sent to replace the con of Christ with a cross over the Bronze Gate Whole sections of the empire rebelled vigorously Leo eventually secured the retirement of the Partiarch of Constantinople and the consecration of a new one who favored his own views 3Iconoclasm ID opposition to the religious use of images Religious pictures and statues were an early feature of Christian worship SIG Iconoclasm flourished in Asia Minor in the 8th and 9th cent and was favored by several Byzantine emperors The controversy led Byzantine artists toward spiritual expression rather than naturalism 4caesaropapism ID intimate cooperation between the Church and
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