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IndochinaIndochina is made up of Laos Cambodia and Vietnam It was colonized by the French in the late 1800s and given up in 1939 Japan tookover France s loss after that After Japan s defeat in 1945 Vietnam s patriot and communist Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh declared Vietnam independent After that France came to claim their loss The US supported France fearing the Domino Theory would take affect after in 1949 China fell to communism In 1950 the US sent troops to South Korea to prevent the dominos from falling The Vietnamese took fort Dien Bien Phoo in May of 1954 so then the French finally pulled outThat set up 2 nations North Vietnam and South Vietnam split at the 17th parallel Ho Chi Minh was in he North and was a Communist Ngo Dinh Diem was in South and disliked communism He argued that if there was an election to choose a leader of 1 unified nation that Ho would not permit fair elections Viet Cong Rebellion In 1956 Diem closed all elections and appointed local officials That gave him less of support Also he didn t win the support of the peasants that was a major mistake in the south Vietminh members who were located in South Vietnam formed their own communist party Diem called them the Viet Cong meaning Vietnamese Communists North Vietnam supported the rebellion in the early parts In 1959 the Vietminh set upa supply route to South Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia They were then named the Ho ChiMinh trail Also in 1959 the first American advisors were killed during a battle By 1960the Vietcong had about 10000 troops and were threatening to overthrow Diem Then the USsent 15100WorldBook more US advisors in from 1961 - 1963 The Buddhist salso had a hard time with Diem they felt he did not give enough religious freedom TheBuddhists also held the better part of Vietnam s population On
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