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ABU HAMID AL-GHAZALI Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali 1058-1111 CE is regarded by scholars as an Islamic intellectual giant He is one of the greatest teachers and interpreters of Islam other than Muhammad Born in 1058 CE in Tus in what is now known as Khorasan Iran he was a well educated man having been taught in school in his early adulthood studying under a distinguished theologian al-Juwayni in Nishapur Because of his privileged upbringing and intellectual capabilities at that time he brought into existence various manuscripts on Islamic theology and law which are still being used in the present Al-Ghazali lived during the period known as the Golden Age of Islam 750-1258 CE a period of growth in the mastery of art mathematics astronomy medicine and music After his years of study he later moved on to easing the political struggles of his time by writing religious treatises He was later appointed the position of rector and professor of the Nizamiyya institute in Baghdad Baghdad at this time was considered the intellectual centre of the known world This institute was also the greatest seat of learning in Islam He produced two of his most important texts The Intentions of Philosophers and The Incoherence of Philosophers Afterwards Al-Ghazali resigned as professor for pilgrimages between the cities of Mecca Medina Tus and Damascus during a period of ten years His copious work which was made up of forty books called Revivification of the Religious Sciences was a seminal text which outlined the significance and meaning of the practices of Islam He linked theology Muslim law Sharia and Sufi mysticism Al-Ghazali was a very prominent contributor in the areas of philosophy religion and especially Sufism Greek philosophy in his time including Neoplatonic philosophy was accepted and further developed by a number of Muslim philosophers which was later to lead to conflictions in Islamic teachings Al-Ghazali demonstrated this inconsistency of Greek philosophy and Islam in his
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