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# A Biography of Isaac Newton, One of the Most Important Scientists in History

Newton was born on December 25 1642 He was an English mathematician and physicist considered one of the greatest scientist in history who made important contributions to many fields of science His discoveries and theories laid the foundation for much of the progress in science since his time Newton was one of the inventors of the branch of mathematics called Calculus He also solved the mysteries of light and optics Formulated the three laws of motions and derived from them the law of universal gravitation Newtons birth place was at Woolsthorpe near Grantham in Linclonshire Where he lived with his widowed mother until around his third birthday At this time his mother remarried leaving him in the care of his Grandmother and sent to grammar school in Grantham Later in the summer of 1661 he was sent to Trinity College at the University of Cambridge Newton received his bachelors degree in 1665 After an intermission of nearly two years to avoid the plague Newton returned to Trinity Which elected him to a fellowship in 1667 He received his master degree in 1668 Newton ignored much of the established curriculum of the University to pursue his own interests mathematics and natural philosophy By joining them in what he called the Fluxional method Newton developed in the autumn of 1666 a kind of mathematics that is now known as calculus Was a new and powerful method that carried modern mathematics above the level of Greek geometry Although Newton was its inventor he did not introduce calculus into European Mathematics Always Fearful of publication and Criticism Newton kept his Discovery to himself However enough was known of his abilities to effect his appointment in 1669as a Luciasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge Optics was another area of Newtons early interests In trying at explain now colors occur he arrived at the idea that sunlight is a heterogeneous blend of different

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