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JAMES A GARFIELDJames A Garfield was born in Cuyahoga County Ohio in 1831 His father died in 1833 when Garfield was only two years old and so his mother had to carry on working the family farm by herself With the death of his father the family feel into poverty Even though they had very little money his mother made sure that her children went to the neighborhood school to get a good education He belonged to the Desciples of Christ ChurchWhile growing up James drove canal boat teams and earned enough money to further his education at college He attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute at Hiram Ohio and was graduated from Williams College in 1856 He returned to Western Eclectic Institute and became a classics professor Later he became the president of the College In 1858 he was married to Lucretia Rudolph and had seven kidsEliza Harry James Mary Irvin Abram and EdwardJames Garfield was an advocate for free-soil principles and soon became a supporter of the newly organized Republican Party And in 1859 he was elected to the Ohio Legislature During the succession crisis he advocated coercing the seceding states back into the Union During the Civil War he helped to recruit the 42nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry and became the infantrys colonel He fought at Shiloh in April 1862 served as a chief of staff in the Army of the Cumberland saw action at Chickamauga in September of 1863When the Union victories had been few in 1862 he successfully led a brigade at Middle Creek Kentucky against Confederate troops And in 1862 at the age of 31 he became brigader general only to be made a major general in 1863Meanwhile in 1862 he was elected by fellow Ohioans to The United States House of Representatives He was persuaded by President Lincoln to resign his army job and remain in Congress Said Lincoln It is easier to find major generals than to obtain
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