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Art is a fruit that grows in man like a fruit on a plant or a child in its mothers womb once commented Jean Arp--a remarkable twentieth-century sculptor painter and poet associated with and a forefather of the Dada and Surrealist movements The avant-garde artist was born on September 16 1887 in Strasbourg France where he studied at the Ecole des Arts et Mtiers In 1905 he transferred to the Weimar Academy and then to Paris at the Acadmie Julian in 1908 and subsequent to graduation resumed his painting in Weggis Switzerland in isolationBy 1912 Jean Arp had become associated with the Blaue Reiter or Blue Rider a group of Expressionist artists in Munich where he exhibited semi-figurative drawings and became well-acquainted with fellow artist Wassily Kandinsky In 1913 he exhibited with another group of Expressionists at the first Hebrstsalon--or Autumn Salon an art exhibition--in Berlin Aware of the developments within the French avant-garde through his contacts with such artists as Apollinaire Max Jacob and Sonia and Robert Delaunay in 1914 Arp presented his first abstracts and paper cutouts in Zrich in 1915 and arranged his first shallow wooden reliefs and compositions of string nailed to canvasIn 1915 the art of Jean Arp consisted of abstract and angularly patterned tapestries and drawings but soon matured as he became the co-founder of the revolutionary Dadaist school of artists in Zrich Switzerland with Tristan Tzara and Hugo Ball His familiar abstract and curvilinear forms debuted in 1917 and in 1919 he continued his Dadaist portrayals with Ernst in Cologne before participating in the Berlin Dada exhibition of 1920Jean Arp married Sophie Tauber in 1922 during a period where he was most notable for his painted wooden bas-reliefs and humorous cut-cardboard constructions He settled with his wife at Meudon in 1927 when he participated in the Surrealist movement and had his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie Surraliste in Paris He then parted with Surrealism to become a
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