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Jerzy Marian Grotowski was brought into the world on august 11th 1931 in Rzeszow Poland to his father a forest ranger and his mother who was a teacher Grotowski studied at Krakows Theatre school from 1951 to 1955 while simultaneously studying eastern philosophy He also investigated the styling of Russias directional masterminds and believed Konstantin Stanislavsky to be of the utmost importance In 1956 Jerzy enrolled in the directing program at Karkows Theatre school His extra-curricular activities included an anti-Stalinist youth movement He also chose Mahatma Gandhi as his new role model Later on he became an instructor at the school from 1957 through 1959 During which period he produced several theatre and art philosophical oriented articles His professional directing debut was the co staging of Eugene Ionescos The Chairs in 1957 Grotowskis masters degree project was an unconventional staging including masks of The woman is a devil also in 1957 This was the 1st Grotowski production to radically adapt a drama to suit his own purposes- in this case to make a statement about the younger generations investigation for a meaning of existence by rearranging the text and interpolating material from others He believed controversially that a script should be a stimulus for the creation of an independent work of theatre art Grotowski then perhaps made his most influential move ever In 1959 he joined the Laboratory Theatre the year it was founded This was a fiercely dedicated acting ensemble sought to cut through the strong bonds of the polite literary tradition to rediscover human drives and conflicts The actors in the Laboratory theatre undergo grueling exercises to breakdown the layers of superficial technique and repressions Every production is considered an original entity and calls for its own playing area and actor audience relationship the rectangular hall-theatre is rearranged according to the dictates of each production Grotowski often simply relies on his own dramaturgical skills in freely changing text and his designer to
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