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John Dryden a great English poet dramatist translator and critic He was born on August 19 1631 in Aldwinkle Northamptonshire England He was graduated from Trinity College Cambridge In 1657 he moved to London to begin his career as a professional writer unfortunately his first play The Wild Gallant 1663 was a failure He has a lot of successful works like All for love heroic stanzas as well as a major critical study An Essay on Dramatic Poesy and a number of translations John Dryden died in London on May 12 1700 Such a great critical work was the reason behind Drydens title Father of English criticism He wrote this essay two years after the Restoration and the reopening of the theaters in England 1688 This essay was an inspiration for other writers to such a critical works as so it was considered one of the main models for the modern prose moreover it creates the school of English criticism Although the essay was spirited graceful confident it was a little bit tricky pedantic since there is a group of view being express Dryden wrote this essay to develop the English theater and drama by discussing the classical works and whether art should imitate nature or artists should imitate other artists he also mentioned The Three Unities time place and action besides that he argues that the dramatic work should follow the rules of the Decorum and be polite wit and clear Dryden wrote this essay as a dramatic dialogue between poet and critics who have different viewpoints about the strengths and weaknesses of and influences on British poesy The dialogue was made by four characters representing four critical positions These four critical positions deal with five issues Those speakers are Crites Eugenius Lisideius and Neander The advantage of this dialogue is the argument in which five issues been discussed the Ancients vs the Moderns the Unities time place
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