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Jon Rissin Period 8 3-30-00 Pope John Paul II Karol Wojtyla was born on May 18 1920 at Wadowice Poland For many years Karol believed God was calling him to the priesthood and after two near fatal accidents he responded to Gods call He studied secretely during the German occupation of Poland and was ordained to the priesthood on November 1 1946 In these years he came to know and practice the teachings of St Louis Marie Montfort and St John of the Cross He earned a doctorate in theology in 1948 at the Angelicum in Rome Italy From 1948 to 1951 he served as a parish priest in the Krakow diocese and then returned to study philosophy at the Jagiellonian Univsersity at Krakow From 1952 to 1958 Karol Wojtyla taught social ethics at the Krakow Seminary In 1956 he became also a professor at the University of Lublin Venerable Pope Pius XII appointed Karol Wojtyla an auxiliary bishop in Krakow on July 4 1958 Servant of God Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Krakow on December 30 1963 As Archbishop of Krakow Karol Wojtyla proved himself a noble and trustworthy pastor in the face of Communist persecution A member of the prepatory commission he attended all four sessions of Vatican II and is said to have written Gaudium et spes the document on the Church in the Modern World He also played a prominent role in the formulation of the Declaration on Religious Freedom Following the Council the Servant of God Pope Paul VI appointed Karol Wojtyla a Cardinal of the Roman Church on June 26 1967 In 1960 he published his most famous written work Love and Responsibility Pope Paul VI delighted with its apologetical defense of the traditional catholic teaching of marraige relied extensively on Archbishop Wojytlas counsel in writing Humanae Vitae In 1976 he was invited by Pope Paul VI to preach the lenten sermons to the members of
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