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Kim Il Sung was the pseudonym for Kim Song Ju He was born on April 15 1912 at Mangyongdae Pyongyang to a poor peasant family He and his family emigrated to Manchuria in the 1920s like many Korean families did at the time His family was a most patriotic and revolutionary one and fought for many generations from the beginning of the modern revolutionary movement of the Korean people for the independence of the country He grew up receiving his revolutionary education at home and acquiring a revolutionary outlook on the world through study and revolutionary practice In Manchuria he attended a Chinese school He rallied young students around revolutionary organizations and educated and trained them through struggles against the Japanese He organized the Young Communist League of Korea on August 28 1927 and was arrested and imprisoned for a year by the Chinese authorities for having done so After his release from jail in 1930 he formed the first Party organization at Kalun with young communists of the new generation whom he had trained and it was the first organization to be the glorious origin of the Workers Party of Korea which were formed later Afterwards he organized the Korean Revolutionary Army which was the first armed organization of the Korean communists that fought against the Japanese military In 1931 he left for the hills of eastern Manchuria to join a Chinese Communist guerrilla group fighting the Japanese military in Manchuria On April 25 1932 he founded the Korean Peoples Revolutionary Army the first standing revolutionary armed force of the Korean people and became its commander Between the years 1932 to 1941 he led a band of Korean guerrillas against Japanese positions in Manchuria It was during this time that he assumed the pseudonym Kim Il Sung the name of a legendary resistance fighter that caused the Japanese a lot of trouble In 1941 Japanese counterinsurgency forces forced him to leave Manchuria for the
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