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Mohandus Karamchand Gandhi Mohandus Karamchand Gandhi was a major figure in Indian history He was best known for his policy of passive resistance and civil disobedience against unjust laws set by the British government He inspired other nonviolent movements notably the US civil right movement of the 1950s and 1960s lead by Dr Martin Luther King Jr Encarta 98 Gandhi was highly influential some say responsible for Indias gain of independence and the abolishment of untouchability the lowest rank under the caste system Gandhi was born to a middle-class Indian family in 1869 and married at the age of thirteen to Kasturbai Makanji He began to study law at the University of London in 1888 and as he completed his studies and prepared to return home for India in 1891 he had doubts about his future Sherrow 34 He lacked the knowledge of Indian law as well as the social connections needed for a successful career He had never set foot inside an Indian courtroom in his life He attempted to set up a law practice but had little success Two years later an Indian firm with assets in South Africa held him as a legal advisor at its office in Durban While in Durban Gandhi was treated as a member of an inferior race He was offended and horrified at the denial of rights and liberties to Indian immigrants He joined the struggle for elementary rights for Indians He stood in South Africa for 20 years He was imprisoned many times Gandhi began to teach a policy of passive resistance to South African authorities after being attacked and beaten by white South Africans In 1899 the trouble that had been brewing between the British and the Boers escalated into war Sherrow 47 Gandhi sided with the Boers in what was known as the Boer war but set up a British ambulance service called the Indian Ambulance Corps According to Gandhis sense of justice
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