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Shasta Kellerhouse Period 5 53000 Biography of Pablo Neruda Pablo Neruda was born Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto in Parral Chile His mother was a schoolteacher who died of tuberculosis when Neruda was an infant and after he moved to Temuco with his father a railroad worker Neruda attended a boys school until 1920 He began to write poetry as a teenager and in 1924 he published Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desperada which quickly became a best seller Pablo Neruda was appointed to the Chilean consul and between 1927 and 1944 he held posts in Asia Latin America Europe and Spain While in Argentina he met Spanish poet Frederico Garcia Lorca who was later killed by the conservative right wing Spanish Nationalists at the start of the Spanish Civil War In 1930 Neruda married Maria Antonieta Hagenaar but they separated in 1936 Later he lived with Delia del Carril an Argentine painter who he married in 1943 The marriage went unrecognized in Chile for twelve years and in 1955 the two separated In 1966 Neruda married Matilde Urrutia a Chilean singer who inspired much of his poetry In 1943 Pablo Neruda joined the Communist party of Chile and served in the senate from 1945 to 1948 When the communist party was outlawed and the government was taken over by right-wing extremists he fled to Mexico There he wrote Canto General a collection of 340 poems and other works This was an epic poem which portrayed Spanish America and its history from a Marxist point of view Before returning to Chile in 1952 Neruda traveled to the USSR Europe China and Mexico Upon returning to Chile after the victory of the anti-Videla forces and the order to arrest leftist rescinded he was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize and in 1953 he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize In 1970 Pablo Neruda was the Communist
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