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Word Count: 493
Richard Wright was born on September 4 1908 on a farm in Mississippi the first of two sons born to Nathan Wright an illiterate sharecropper and Ella Wilson Wright a schoolteacher When Wright was a small child his father abandoned the family to live with another woman After this Wrights mother was frequently sick and he and his brother shuffled between various relatives During one particularly tumultuous time Wright and his brother spent a month in an orphanage Wright worked a variety of jobs throughout his childhood and adolescence His mothers illnesses were a financial drain on his extended family often forcing Wright to work rather than go to school Nevertheless despite his sporadic schooling Wright became an avid reader Shortly before the beginning of the Depression the family moved to Chicago where Wright began to seriously devote himself to writing He joined the Federal Writers Project and started to publish his work In 1932 Wright became a member of the Communist Party He wrote for Communist publications and met several famous writers through his affiliation with the Party Wright later moved to New York to be the editor for The Daily Worker a Communist publication Around this time Wright wrote and published Uncle Toms Children a collection of short stories that deals with the social realities faced by American black men The novel like its namesake Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle Toms Cabin was banned or censored in parts of the United States However it was Wrights novel Native Son that stirred up real controversy by shocking the sensibilities of both black and white America The protagonist Bigger Thomas hails from the lowest rung of society and Wright does not infuse him with any of the romantic elements common to literary heroes In effect Bigger is what one might expect him to be given the social conditions in which he lives he is sullen frightened violent hateful and resentful Wright wrote Native Son to draw
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