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Word Count: 943
Robert Lowell unites a world event a personal moment and elements of religious belief to create a realistic theme granting him the title Father of Confessional Poetry Lowells family history his bouts of madness marital problems and scandalous opinions all were required for his unruly art Lowell used detail from life to position his readers in psychic moments from which truths were spoken Critics went so far as to describe Lowell as a heroic realist Lowells domestic turmoil and family history is also reflected heavily in his works In the Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket Robert Lowell uses the occasion of his cousins early death to write a poem of a lost cousin that was killed aboard his naval ship during World War II Later this poem served as an elegy at his cousins funeral For the Union Dead is thought to be a family poem in its sources Lowell quotes from a letter that Charles Russell Lowell wrote home to his wife Josephine about her brothers burial In Life Studies Lowell reveals his inner torments as a child He talks openly about his mothers death and his fathers alcoholism In one line he compares his father to an out of control sinner McAllister 246 Lowells early poems dealt with the failures in strengths of religious and historical tradition In Lowells first collection Land of Unlikeness was explaining the immoral points of Puritanism In 1940 he married Jean Stafford and became a fanatical convert to Roman Catholicism This is partially due the rebellion against his parents puritan beliefs Lowells first and second books Land of Unlikeness and Lord Wearys Castle were influenced by his conversion from Puritanism to Catholicism and explored the darkside of Americas Puritan legacy Lowell sets religious concerns as well as raw biographical information in these books The poems Lowell created call to mind other sexually and emotionally withdrawn characters in post Puritan literature Shortly after converting to Catholicism Lowelll
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