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El Cid Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar Spanish Rodrigo Diaz was born at Burgos Spain in 1043 and died in Valencia in 1099 El Cids Father Diego Lainez was of minor nobility in the region of Castile and lived in the family home in Bivar His mother however was of a higher degree of nobility He is often known as either El Cid Lord or El Campeador which means The Champion He became commander of King Sanchos Army and then when banished by the next King Alfonso VI he served the King of Zaragoza He later reconciled with Alfonso and at the end of his life he set out on a conquest of Valencia which he sieged for many months before conquering it and becoming its ruler Rodrigo was raised in the courts of King Ferdinand and had his education and military training taken care of by Prince Sancho as thanks for his fathers services to the state In 1063 Sancho dubbed Rodrigo a knight At this time Spain was not united but was composed of several smaller Christian kingdoms to the north and a large empire to the south of Muslim Moors A war slowly developed between the north and south but neither side could rally a force great enough to defeat their opponent King Ferdinand had united much of the north of Spain and later divided his Kingdoms among his 5 children at his death in 1065 His first son Sancho received the Muslim City of Zaragoza and the large area of Castile while his second son Alfonso gained the large area of Leon His third son Garcia received Galicia and the Moorish kingdoms of Seville and Badajoz His two daughters were given monasteries At this time Rodrigo was still reasonably young and Sancho was trying to lift a siege on Graus made by the small region of Aragon When Sancho was crowned King in
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