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Salvadore Darli Spanish painter Born into a middle-class family he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid where he mastered academic techniques Dal also pursued his personal interest in Cubisim and Futurisim and was expelled from the academy for indiscipline in 1923 He formed friendships with Lorca and Buuel and held his first one-man show in Barcelona 1925 where he exhibited a number of seascapesIn Paris he met Picasso and Breton Over the next few years Dal devoted himself with passionate intensity to developing his method which he described as paranoiac-critical a spontaneous method of irrational knowledge based on the critical and systematic objectivation of delirious associations and interpretations It enabled him to demonstrate his personal obsessions and fantasies by uncovering and meticulously fashioning hidden forms within pre-existing ones either randomly selected postcards beach scenes photographic enlargements or of an accepted artistic canon It was at this period that he was producing works like The Lugubrious Game 1929 The Persistence of Memory 1931 and Surrealist Objects Gauges of Instantaneous Memory 1932 Flaccid shapes anamorphoses and double-sided figures combine in these works to create an extraordinary universe where the erotic and the scatological jostle with a fascination for decay - a universe that is reflected in his other works of this period including his symbolic objects and poems La Femme visible 1930 LAmour et la mmoire 1931 as well as the screenplay for LAge dOr 1930 It soon became apparent however that there was an inherent contradiction in Dals approach between what he himself described as critical paranoia - which lent itself to systematic interpretation - and the element of automatism upon which his method depended Breton soon had misgivings about Dals monsters which only lend themselves to a limited univocal reading Dals extreme statements on political matters in particular his fascination for Hitler struck a false note in the context of the Surrealist ethic and his relations with the rest of the group
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