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Sigmund Freud 1856-1939 Freud was born into a Jewish family on May 6th 1856 Little is known of Freuds early life as he destroyed his personal papers at least twice once in 1885 and again in 1907 His later papers were closely guarded in the Sigmund Freud Archives and only available to Ernest Jones his official biographer and a few other members of the inner circle of psychoanalysis Freud smoked cigars for most of his life after having his jaw removed he even then continued to smoke a pack daily until his death on September 23rd 1939 Personal Libido Freud conceived of the mind as having only a fixed amount of psychic energy or libido This energy fuelled the thought processes perception imagination memory and sexual urges In Freuds theory the mind like the universe could neither create nor destroy energy but merely transfer it from one form or function to another Psychosexual Development Freud advanced a theory of personality development focussing on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on a persons emerging personality With-in this study he emerged with five different stages The Oral Stage Anal Stage Phallic Stage Latency Stage and finally the Genital Stage Oral Stage During the oral stage the child if focused on oral pleasures sucking Too much or too little gratification can result in an Oral Fixation or Oral Personality which is evidenced by a preoccupation with oral activities This type of personality may have a stronger tendency to smoke drink alcohol over eat or bite his or her nails Personality wise these individuals may become overly dependent upon others gullible and perpetual followers On the other hand they may also fight these urges and develop pessimism and aggression toward others Anal Stage The childs focus of pleasure in this stage is on eliminating and retaining feces Through societys pressure mainly via parents the child has to learn to
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