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Sigmund Freud was born in Monrovia on May 61856 He entered the University of Vienna in 1873 at the age of 17 He finished his degree in 1881 Freud died in England in 1939 He was an active therapist theorist and writer to the very end Ewen 19-20 Erich Fromm was born four years after Freud in 1900 in Frankfurt Germany Unlike Freud Fromm had no medical training in his background He received his PHD from the University of Heidelberg and later studied at Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute Erich Fromm died March 16 1980 in Switzerland Ewen 187 While Freud and Fromm were contemporaries and shared some basic beliefs their approach to most issues varied greatly Freuds attitude was purely scientific Fromm desired to humanize things Fromm accepted the importance of unconscious biological drives repression and defense mechanisms but rejected Freuds theory of id ego and superego Fromm did not believe in specific developmental stages He believed that the growing child slowly learns to distinguish between I and not I through contact with the environment notably those involving the parentsEwen 194 Fromm contends that personality development continues into adulthood He believes that if a child keeps up with the increasing feelings of isolation that anxiety can be kept to a minimal and personality development proceeds normally Freuds well-known theory is that the personality is determined during the first five years of life He believes we proceed through a series of psychosexual stages oral anal urethral phallic a latency period and genital Freud contends that the genital stage is the goal of normal development and that it represents true maturity Hansen 25-26 Fromm warns against pathogenic behavior because it can damage the childs sense of reliance He believed healthy personality is
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