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Sir Francis Bacon Sir Francis Bacon was born January 22 1561 He died April 9 1626 He was an English essayist lawyer statesman and philosopher He had a major influence on the philosophy of science When he was 12 years old he began studies at Trinity College Cambridge In 1576 he entered Grays Inn to pursue a career in law He was first elected in 1584 Bacons opposition to royal tax measures would probably have brought an end to his political advancement but he had the support of the Earl of Essex whose prosecution for treason he later managed He was knighted in 1603 after the succession of James I Bacon and he became solicitor-general in 1609 attorney-general in 1613 lord keeper of the great seal in 1617 and lord chancellor in 1618 he was also created Baron of Verulam I 1618 and Viscount St Albans in 1621 Bacon retained Jamess favor by steadfast defense of royal prerogative but in 1621 he was found guilty of accepting bribes and was removed from his office Retiring to Gorhambury he devoted himself to writing and scientific work Philosophically Bacon wrote marks such as the Instauratio Magna Great Restoration setting forth his concepts for the restoration of humankind to mastery over nature It was intended to contain six parts first a classification of sciences second a new inductive logic third a gathering of empirical and experimental facts fourth examples to show the effectiveness of his new approach fifth generalization derivable from natural history and a new philosophy that would be a complete science of nature Bacon completed only two parts however the Advancement of Learning in 1605 later expanded as De Dignitate
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