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Thomas Hobbess was an English Political philosophy who wrote during the seventieth century He wrote during a time of civil war in England This led to his worldview of security as the most important thing in life even above freedom or liberty Hobbes thus formulated that the best form of government was an elected absolute monarchy Hobbes felt that society resembles a state of nature In the state of nature human beings are equal By being equal Hobbes says that they are capable of causing the greatest of evils to one another death Bobbio 39 Also in the state of nature items are scarce This scarcity of goods says Hobbes generates a permanent state of reciprocal lack of trust which induces all to prepare for war and to make war if necessary rather then to seek peace Bobbio 39 In the Leviathan Hobbes indicates three causes for conflict competition which makes human beings fight for gain diffidence which makes them fight for security and glory which makes them fight for reputation Bobbio 40 Hobbes goes on to state that the passion that generates the most conflict is vainglory Hobbes believes that vainglory is the most visible manifestation of a desire for power and what drives one human against another is a desire for power Bobbio 40 So therefore the state of nature is a state of war In order to avoid living in a State of Nature and therefore avoiding a State of War Hobbes says It is necessary that human beings agree to institute a state that will create the conditions for living a life according to reason Bobbio 47 The state Hobbes envisions must be a compact among the many and be permanent and second it must not be just a mere association of persons who share a common end Bobbio 47 What Hobbes means is a state that that is founded on people who only share a common end will create a
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