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Thomas Stearns Eliot 1888-1965 TS Eliot was a poet critic and an editor He was a major figure in English poetry famous for works such as The Waste Land and The Sacred Wood His critical essays helped to start a movement of literary modernism by stressing tradition along with objective discipline Eliot along with the help of William Butler Yeats and Ezra Pound set new poetic standards by rejecting the English romantics Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St Louis MO on September 26th 1888 He was the youngest child in a family that had seven children and very well known ancestors Some of these ancestors include Reverend William Greenleaf Eliot who founded Washington University in St Louis and Isaac Stearns who was one of the original settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Eliots father Henry Ware Eliot was a prosperous industrialist and his mother Charlotte Eliot was a writer He attended school at Smith Academy in St Louis and Milton Academy in Massachusetts Growing up with so many older people helped him to gain a high sense of maturity even at such a young age He also became more mature through the different cultural and community interests that his parents had He even more proved his maturity when he read a poem that was translated by Edward Fitzgerald But more then proving his maturity this poem was his first influence to become a poet Another poet that was a major influence in Eliots life was Edgar Allen Poe Poes The Assignation was the poem that spiritually moved Eliot After reading these inspirational works Eliot had several jobs in which he began to write poetry for several different literary companies In 1906 he entered Harvard University There he published frequently in the Harvard Advocate He took courses with such professors as Paul Elmer More and Irving Babbitt the latter of who influenced Eliot through his classicism and emphasis upon tradition and also studied the
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