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Word Count: 865
Probably the greatest genius in Western musical history Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg Austria Jan 27 1756 the son of Leopold Mozart and his wife Anna Maria Pertl Leopold was a successful composer violinist and assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg courtWolfgang began composing minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at 9 When he was 6 he and his older sister Maria Anna performed a series of concerts to Europes courts and major cities Both children played the keyboard but Wolfgang became a violin virtuoso as wellIn 1762 the Mozart children played at court in Vienna the Empress Maria Theresa and her husband Emperor Francis I received them From 1763 - 66 the Mozart children displayed their talents to audiences in Germany Paris at court in Versailles and London In Paris the young Mozart published his first works four sonatas for clavier with accompanying violin 1764 In 1768 he composed his first opera La Finta Semplice which had its premiere in Salzburg In 1769-70 Leopold and Wolfgang undertook a tour through Italy This first Italian trip culminated in a new opera Mitridate re di Ponto composed for Milan In two further Italian journeys he wrote two more operas for Milan Ascanio in Alba 1771 and Lucio Silla 1772In 1772 Archbishop von Schrattenbach died to be succeeded by Hieronymus von Colloredo The latter at first sympathetic to the Mozarts later became irritated by Wolfgangs prolonged absences and stubborn ways In 1772 von Colloredo retained Wolfgang as concertmaster at a token salary In this capacity Mozart composed a large number of sacred and secular works Wishing to secure a better position outside Salzburg he obtained permission to undertake another journey in 1777 With his mother he traveled to France where he composed the Paris Symphony 1778 but he was unable to find a permanent position His mother died in Paris When he returned to Salzburg he was given the position of court organist 1779
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