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NAPOLEON III BACKGROUND Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Paris in 1808 Most of his childhood was spent in exile His mother like all Bonapartes were banished from France after the fall of Napoleon I They eventually found a place in Switzerland He was well educated to the dual heritage of the French revolution and was inspired by his mother to retain his lost fatherland Once his uncle and the Duke of Reichstadt died he became the head of the Bonaparte family In 1836 he attempted his first coup detat against the French government It failed and he was exiled to the US and then after his mothers death to London In 1840 he tried once more but failed and this time was sentenced to imprisonment for life But in 1846 he managed to escape to England Once Louis-Phillipe was overthrown in the French Revolution in 1848 and the second republic was formed Napolean III saw his chance and was elected president to a four year term with no immediate reelection allowed He expanded his power by obtaining support in key positions in the National Assembly He also gained support of the people by traveling around the country He tried to pass a revision of the constitution that would enable him to run for another election When he realized that he could not obtain the 34ths majority necessary for a revision of the constitution he carried a coup detat on December 1851 and he succeeded in dissolving the Legislative Assembly He gained support of the people by revising the constitution and restoring universal suffrage The people approved the constitution and in 1852 he was declared emperor He could now carry out his plans ACCOMPLISHMENTS He opened new ways to commerce and allowed the free-trade principles He had railroads constructed and promoted work and security to many He allowed the development of labor unions Probably his biggest accomplishment was the modernization of Paris
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