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Word Count: 3,622
Department of Corrections is an agency of the state that is responsible for the supervision and management of convicted felons The Department of Corrections allows the protection of the community by operating safe secure facilities that keep offenders under firm fair practices There is a wide range of treatment including educational and vocational programs that help the offenders become rehabilitated citizens Corrections has been around for centuries The corrections history of New York and of Utah are just a few pieces of a huge puzzle of corrections That human institutions require periodic redesign if only because of their tendency to decay is not a minor fact about them nor easily understood Taken the span of history there is no more important lesson to be learned The history of New Yorks Corrections starts with the Fort Amsterdam Era Fort Amsterdam was erected in 1625 Its facilities were dungeon-like Its prisoners included unruly soldiers native people that were uncompliant and debtors Next came States Huys It was built in 1642 This Corrections facility also served as a tavern a court and a city hall In 1699 Stats Huys was condemned as unfit and could no longer be used as a jail and judicial center Next the New York City Hall was constructed Many dangerous prisoners were kept in the basement until they had their court proceedings But in 1700 the basements security was proved to be inadequate so guards were hired to watch the prisoners In 1759 the first facility was built specifically for use as a jail It was named New Goal Most of the jail housed civilian lawbreakers except for a few debtors and paupers 1775 brought about the construction of a workhouse known as Bridewell It was to be placed in New York City Hall Park but its construction was interrupted by the War for Independence In 1788 the New York State Legislature enacted a law that named twelve Commissioners to Bridewell
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