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The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation The Protestant Reformation and the Counter-Reformation were two very important events in European history They are a vital part of the Renaissance They signify the point at which the power of the church dimineshes and the power of the monarchs increases The Protestant Reformation began with Martin Luther Martin Luther had once been a monk for the Church but after leanring about the way indulgences were practiced in the Church particularly practiced by Tetzel he wrote 95 statements about indulgences and posted them at a local church He had assumed that the Church would accept these statements Unfortunatly for the Church the statements were not accepted By not accepting Luthers teachings the Church had inadvertantly encouraged its own decline Since they did not kill Luther immediatly he was able to spread his heresy and by the time the Church realized how large a threat he was it was too late Luther had in the 1520s started the religion of Lutherism Lutherinism conflicted directly with the Church It said that only two sacraments were necessary baptism and communion This reduced would reduce the power of Lutheran ministers and also save peasants money This encouraged peasant converts This also encouraged lords and princes to convert They would convert to sieze the holdings of the Church in their lands and also to gian power over the new religion Instead of the Church controlling the officials the officials controlled the Lutheran Church Lutherinism also stressed intent He said that for God to forgive a person the person would have to feel real regret instead of iust paying a fine Luther also stated that for a person to have good credited to their soul they would have to have a good intent not just a fear of Hell I believe that these facts were unimportant to converts compared to the facts that Luther had defined Lutherinsim much better that
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