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Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder COBPD is one of the most debilitating mental disorders affecting children today Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder usually affecting adults that causes sometimes severe changes in mood Childhood Onset Bipolar disorder is just what it sounds like a bipolar disorder that occurs during childhood Persons suffering from a bipolar disorder experience mood swings ranging from depression to mania During a depressive episode patients can experience feelings of extreme hopelessness or sadness inability to concentrate and trouble sleeping Symptoms of mania include rapidly changing ideas exaggerated cheerfulness and excessive physical activity Hypomanic symptoms are the same as in mania however they are not so severe as to require hospitalization The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV outlines the diagnostic criteria for mood disorders According to the DSM-IV a person must have at least 5 of the following symptoms during the same 2 week period to qualify as a major depressive episode a depressed mood lasting most of the day for several days a significant weight gain or weight loss a loss of interest in activities difficulty sleeping insomnia or an increased need for sleep hypersomnia restlessness or slowed pace observable by others daily fatigue feelings of guilt or worthlessness inability to concentrate or recurrent thoughts of death These symptoms can only be diagnosed as a depressed episode if they are not better explained by grief effects of a drug or a medical condition The person experiencing these symptoms must also report an interference in their daily functioning because of the symptoms Finally the persons symptoms do not meet the criteria for a mixed state The criteria for a mixed episode state that the person must display symptoms of depression and mania every day during at least a 1 week period For an episode to be categorized as
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