scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,260
Greek Architecture and the Parthenon Architecture according to Encarta 99 is the art or science of designing and constructing buildings There are many different types of architecture but they all eventually trace back to the Greeks and Romans The Greeks roots lie in the Aegean civilization nevertheless its particular characteristics have made it one of the most established influences in Western architecture One of the most important and famous examples of Greek architecture is the Parthenon located on the Acropolis in Athens Greece Greek architecture is usually broken up into four different periods the Geometric and Orientalizing periods c 1100 BC to 650 BC the Archaic period c 660 BC to 475 BC the Classical period c 475 BC to 323 BC and the Hellenistic period c 323 BC to 31 BC Architecture of the Geometric and Orientalizing periods had more of a simple structure customarily made of mud brick and rubble The plan of temples during this period was similar to that of the houses which evolved from circular to horseshoe like shapes and eventually rectangular They were generally built on an east-west axis with an entrance and a columned porch at one end In rectangular temples the two side walls projected beyond the front wall to form a porch In the rooms a single row of wooden columns along the main axis supported the wooden beams of the gable roof This style was later replaced with two rows of columns because it shadowed the image of divinity During the Archaic period Greek society grew not only geographically but also economically This expansion led to the development of formal architecture and the use of marble and limestone In the 7th century the Greeks started to build stone temples after the Egyptians but in their own distinctive style The temples were rectangular and stood on a low stepped terrace in an enclosure which was where their rituals took place The smaller
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA