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Numerous experts in modern time regard Plato as the first genuine political philosopher and Aristotle as the first political scientist They were both great thinkers in regards to in part with Socrates being the foundation of the great western philosophers Plato and Aristotle each had ideas in how to proceed with improving the society in which they were part of during their existence It is necessary therefore to analyze their different theoretical approaches regarding their philosophical perspectives such as ethics and psychology This paper however will mainly concentrate on Aristotles views on friendship and how it impacts todays society The main objective in Platos philosophy is a creation of a perfect society He constructs a foundation for a utopian society in his book The Republic The purpose of his thought process was to cleanse his society of the woes he felt plagued it and construct a new one Plato lived during the Peloponnesian War which consequently lead to the end of the Athenian democracy He had eyewitness account of his mentors Socrates trial and execution Bitter and angered by the political corruption that gripped the Athenian democratic government he disengaged from participating in politics He strongly felt that neither a moral individual nor a state that is rational could be established in a democratic environment Plato felt that the common man wasnt intelligent or capable of dealing with concepts that influence the state such as economics policy of foreign affairs and other relative matters He viewed political incumbents in Athens government as being elected for matters that were irrelevant to main factors that affected the state Another danger was that excessive liberty for the people of the democratic society could potentially lead to anarchy In Platos perfect society he forged ahead to eliminate the disease pluralism of friendship that plagued the human character and society Class Notes Essentially Plato wanted to establish the perfect form of society linked by one single
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