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COMPARATIVE VIEW OF TWO DINSTINCT SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY BEHAVIOURISM AND HUMANISM In this paper it is tried to explain the first force Behaviourism and the third force Humanistic Psychology and compare differences and similarities between them Each school of thought in psychology was sometimes born as a reaction to the previous ones or a new version of them Although behaviourism is very popular reactions to it and alternative thoughts are also strong in modern psychology The debate between structuralism and functionalism was only the prelude to other fundamental controversies in psychology In the early 1900s another major school of thought appeared that dramatically altered the course of psychology Founded by John B Watson 1878-1958 behaviourism is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behaviour It is important to understand what a radical change this definition represents Watson 1913 was proposing that psychologists abandon the study of consciousness altogether and focus exclusively on behaviours that they could observe directly In essence he was redefining what scientific psychology should be about The shift in direction of psychology was caused by his belief that the power of the scientific method rested on the idea of verifiability In principle scientific claims can always be verified or disproved by anyone who is able and willing to make the required observations However this power depends on studying things that can be observed objectively Otherwise the advantage of using the scientific approach -replacing vague speculations and personal opinion with reliable exact knowledge - is lost For Watson mental processes were not a proper subject for scientific study because they are ultimately private events After all no one can see or touch anothers thoughts Consequently if psychology were to be a science it would have to give up consciousness as its subject matter and become instead the science of behaviour Behaviour refers to any overt observable response or
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