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Ethics of SelfishnessEthics of Duty Compare and contrast Kant and Ayn Rand on the issue of altruism Altruism is an unselfish act wherein ones intention is to benefit another Within every act three aspects must be considered the motivation behind the act the moral value of the individual carrying out the act and the selfish consequences of the act itself Both Kant and Rand agree on using moral values to make decisions on an act however Kant believes the act should not be self-serving and Rand believes the act should be to promote ones self In consideration of the first two aspects being the motivation behind the act and the moral value of the individual carrying out the act Kant and Rand utilize methods of moral measurement Kants Three Pillars of duty universalizability and respect must be considered before the individual will fulfill the obligation set forth Fulfilling a sense of duty means that the act is the right thing to do and is aligned to your moral values Universalizability takes into consideration three maxims the motivating reasons of the agent the act itself and the universal system of reason This means that if your decision to act is fair to one it must be fair to all Furthermore you would become suspicious in your decision to act if it went against your moral values Respect is the final Pillar in that Kant believes humanity must be treated as an end in itself never as a means to an end He goes on to say that we must never take away an individuals autonomy in the decision-making process while carrying out an act We should always respect peoples opinions or views regardless if they are in conflict with our own Rand also uses a measurement in considering the motive and morals of the act She believes two questions should be asked What are the values and who should be the
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